Understanding Your Septic System

Understanding Your Septic System

Understanding Your Septic System

If you are like most people, you understand essentially what your septic system is designed to do, but have very little knowledge of exactly how it accomplishes that task. Only professional plumbers (υδραυλικοί) have fully acknowledgement of the septic system.

Not to worry, we have taken the time to break things down so that you have a better idea of the situation. While septic tanks may vary in sizes, shapes, etc., their function remains essentially the same.

The information here is basic, but it is designed to help you have a better understanding of the process. With that understanding you can make a more informed decision regarding which septic treatment is best for you and your family.

How do septic tanks work

Septic tanks are simply tanks in which waste matter is decomposed though the natural actions of bacteria. If you could take a septic tank and cut it in half, what you would see is that there are three distinct layers in a septic system that is functioning correctly.

  • The top layer is called the “Scum” layer. This layer is where all the organic material floats to the surface of the tank.
  • The middle layer is the “Effluent” layer;or liquid layer, a layer where only clear water should be found. It is only this layer that should be entering into your absorption area, or leaching fields.
  • The bottom layer is the “Sludge” layer. This layer is made up of all the inorganic materials and the by-product of bacterial digestion settles.

When your septic system is functioning correctly, household wastes are collected in your septic tank and then broken down, deodorized and liquefied.

Because this process is biological, it can be upset easily and may even stop working all together. Some of the most common factors that can upset this natural process are probably used in your home each and every day.

Here are some of the most common:

  • Household disinfectants
  • Bleach
  • Detergents
  • Anti-bacterial Soaps
  • Scented Soaps and Body Wash
  • Extreme Hot or Cold Conditions

Factors like this are common in most households and we seldom think about all that bleach and anti-bacterial cleansers that are being deposited into an area where we need and expect there to be a healthy supply of bacteria.  Without bacteria, none of the waste in your septic system breaks down, leaving you with a clogged and backed-up system.

By using products like our Best Sewer Treatment monthly maintenance programs, you can easily protect your septic system and keep it operating smoothly at the optimal level.

Using shocks, and initial applications gives the existing bacteria a turbo boost designed to reverse the problematic symptoms and restore your system’s proper functionality. Following each month with regular monthly applications will keep your septic tank working effectively and prevent expensive emergencies and costly pumping charges.

Extra tip

*** Be sure that your septic or sewer treatment is safe for the environment and does not use harmful or dangerous chemicals. Remember you are putting this directly into the arch, and ultimately back into the water table. That reason is enough to make sure the septic treatment you choose is safe for your pets and family.

Professional handymen are more than happy to help you with any questions you may have about septic systems.


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Neil Martin

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